Thridoshas - divisions and functions | Dr Franklins ayurveda center

 Panchamahabhoothas combine to form tridoshas which are the biological components of the body, named as Vatha, Pitha and Kapha. Akasha and Vayu combine to form the principle of movement in the body- vatha  dosha. It may have all the features of akasha and vayu.Tejas forms the principle of transformation and metabolism in the body - pitha dosha.

 All the features of tejas are found in pitha dosha. Jala and Prithvi together form the principle of structural stability in the body - kapha dosha. All the features of jala and prithvi are present in kapha dosha.

All the activities, food and medicines that influences the panchamahabhootha are supposed to influence the respective doshas due to this intimate relation between them.Vatha, pitha and kapha are of five types according to their functions and site of action.



The five vatha

• Prana vayu

The seat of prana vayu is the head region. The normal functions of the prana vayu are

Spitting out


Breathing (respiration)

Pushing the food down the throat

• Udana vayu

The seat of the Udana vayu is the chest region. The normal functions of the udana vayu are

The production of sound, speech

Producing the strength of the body

Inspiring the mind, memory and the intellect

• Samana vayu

The special seat of the samana vayu is the umbilical region. The functions of the samana vayu are,

To inflame and excite the digestive fire

To sustain the channels of sweat, urine, etc

To digest food with the help of pachaka pitha

To separate the products of digestion

To send the waste-products downwards

• Vyana vayu

The main seat of vyana vayu is the heart. The functions of the vyana vayu are,

To maintain the proper circulation of the blood

To maintain the biological actions normal

To control the closing and opening of the eye-lids, yawning

To help the semen to combine with the ovum

• Apana vayu

The special seat of the apana vayu is the rectum. The functions of the apana vayu are

To bear down foetus

To bring down the urine, faeces, semen and menstrual blood


The five Pitha

Pachaka pitha

The special seat of the pachaka pitha is described as situated between the stomach and the intestines, i.e. in the duodenum. The functions of the pachaka pitha are

To digest the food

To reduce the food to a fine part, the rasa and a waste part as the urine faeces and sweat

To supplement the other four pitha

Ranjaka pitha

It is situated in the liver and spleen and is bright red in colour. The function of the ranjaka pitha is to impart red colour to rasa.

Sadhaka pitha

The sadhaka pitha is situated in the heart. It is instrumental in the proper functioning of the intellect and memory and also for the fulfilment of one’s desires.

Alochaka pitha

The alochaka pitha is situated in the pupil of the eye. Its function is to keep up the normal vision.

Bhrajaka pitha

The bhrajaka pitha resides in the skin. The functions of the bhrajaka pitha are To digest any oil, any oily or other substances that rubbed or anointed on the body To illuminate the glow of one’s complexion and to show up the colour of the skin


The five kapha

Kledaka kapha

Kledaka kapha is situated in the stomach. It moistens and breaks up the food and nourishes the kapha of all other parts of the body by its special moist properties.

Avalambaka kapha

It is situated in the thorax. The functions of the avalambaka kapha are

To sustain the heart with the help of rasa dhathu

To support the place of union between the head and the arms that covers the joints between the shoulder blades

Bodhaka kapha

Its seats are the roots of the tongue and the throat. The main functions are,

To moistens any substance that comes in contact with the tongue

To help the sense of taste to perceive

Tharpaka kapha

It is seated in the skull. The function includes cooling the organs of senses (such as the sense of sight, of hearing, of smell etc.)

Sleshaka kapha

It is situated at the joints. The functions of sleshaka kapha are

To lubricate the different articulations of the body

To allow the free movement of the bones at the joints